Investing in Agriculture

06 Nov

AgFact Day #6: The United States Department of Agriculture was actually started by President Abraham Lincoln.

  • He signed the bill into law authorizing the formation of the department on May 15, 1862, and called it the “people’s department.”
  • On July 2, 1862, Lincoln signed into law the Morrill Act passed by Congress authorizing the development of Land Grant Colleges to teach agriculture, mechanical arts (engineering), and military science
  • The 1862 Homestead Act opened land for settlement.
  • The Hatch Act created experimental stations for agricultural research in 1887
  • The Smith Lever Act took the research of the Land Grant colleges and experimental stations a step further by creating the Cooperative Extension system in 1914.
  • The Smith-Hughes Act of 1917 created vocational agricultural classes in high schools
  • Prior to the Great Depression, Agriculture suffered their own great depression.  President Herbert Hoover vetoed farm bill relief twice.
  • IN 1933, Congress passed the Soil Conservation and Domestication Allotment Act.
  • 1933, the USDA developed programs to distribute surplus foods and raise the
    nutritional level of low-income consumers. The School Lunch program, Low-Cost Milk Program, and the Food Stamp Program followed.



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Posted by on November 6, 2012 in Ag Facts


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